How are tigers and other wildlife protected globally?
Jul 3, 2014
It is very important that governments around the world work together to protect tigers and other wild animals. Wildlife is not limited by the boundaries of countries, for example the Amur tiger may cross between Russia and China as it roams. Also when poachers kill an animal in one country, they may transport it to another country where people want to use it for various reasons.
One of the ways that countries work together to protect wildlife is by joining CITES (the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora). CITES aims to ensure that the international trade in wild animals and plants does not threaten the survival of those animals and plants. Once a country signs up to CITES they have to adopt various laws into their own national law to protect wildlife and plants from being exploited. For more information on CITES, you may like to visit www.cites.org.
Why does CITES matter to tigers?
The trade in tigers – an endangered species - and their parts is illegal. Captive breeding of tigers in “tiger farms” represents a very real threat to the survival of the species in the wild.
CITES advises that countries who have tiger farms; “implement measures to restrict the captive population to a level supportive only to conserving wild tigers; tigers should not be bred for trade in their parts and derivatives.” CITES Declaration 14.69
However some members of CITES including some countries which “consume” (e.g. use tiger parts for medicine, status symbols etc) such as China, Myanmar, Thailand, Lao PDR and Viet Nam who have breeding facilities, have not observed CITES recommendations to:
- limit breeding of captive tigers
- audit and destroy stockpiles of tigers and their parts (e.g. skin, bones etc)
- provide adequate reporting on tiger farms, seizures or the status and outcome of court cases
- implement adequate legislation to prohibit internal trade in parts of captive tigers
CITES members are meeting between July 7-11 2014 and will be discussing the issue of tiger farms. Therefore, TigerTime is getting its supporters to write to the CITES representative in their country asking them to speak out against tiger farming, call upon China to destroy all stockpiles and end any domestic trade in captive tigers and their parts.
For more information on wildlife crime, tigers and more, please visit our new kids website www.davidshepherdeducation.org
Photo courtesy of Suzi Eszterhas
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